Home heat pumps are ideal for homes in areas where the climate is characterized by the moderate needs for heating and cooling. They are popular and used by many homes due to the fact that they are energy-efficient compared to the traditional oil and gas fired furnaces.
Well, heat pumps actually work like a refrigerator. They use electricity in order to move heat from a cool space to a warm space. As a result, the cool space will become cooler and the warm space warmer. As for the heating season, heat pumps work by moving heat from the cool weather outside into the warm house and during the cooling season, the same will be moving heat from the cool house into the warm weather outside. Heat pumps operate by moving heat instead of generating it. Because of them, they are able to provide sufficient space conditioning but significantly lesser operational costs compared to conventional and traditional heating methods.
For climates with moderate heating and cooling needs, heat pumps offer an energy-efficient alternative to furnaces and air conditioners. Like your refrigerator, heat pumps use electricity to move heat from a cool space to a warm space, making the cool space cooler and the warm space warmer. During the heating season, heat pumps move heat from the cool outdoors into your warm house and during the cooling season, heat pumps move heat from your cool house into the warm outdoors. Because they move heat rather than generate heat, heat pumps can provide equivalent space conditioning at as little as one quarter of the cost of operating conventional heating or cooling appliances.
Air Source The most common type of heat pump today is called the air source type. It works by transferring heat between the house and the outside air. If you are to heat with electricity, the heat pump is able to trim the electricity you use for heating to up to forty percent. Additionally, these high efficiency heat pumps are also capable of dehumidifying the air better compared to even central air conditioners. Hence, you no longer have to use your air conditioner as frequently as you're used to. The only downside is that the efficiency of these air source heat pumps as a heat source may significantly drop at low temperatures. This means they're not really suited for very cold winter temperatures.
As for those homes without the benefit of ducts, air source heat pumps are widely available in ductless varieties and they're called mini-split heat pumps. Also, there's another fancy type of air source heat pump called the reverse cycle chiller that can generate both hot and cold water instead of air. It is usually used with radiant floor heating systems placed on heating mode.
Geothermal Also called as ground source or water source, geothermal heat pumps are known for achieving higher efficiency rates by way of transferring heat between the house and the ground or water source nearby. Yes, geothermal heat pumps will cost a lot to install, but they offset the costs through very low operating costs. This is because this type simple takes advantage of the constant ground or water temperatures. However, it is not really suited for all. It is only for those who have a considerably large lot and ideal landscape.
Absorption Heat Pump The newest in the line of home heat pumps is called a gas-fired or absorption heat pump. This type will utilize heat as the energy source for operation. It can be driven using a wide range of heat sources.
One of the things that make heat pumps remarkable is the ever increasing number of improvements and innovations put in them. Therefore, it should be no surprise that in a few years time, the heat pump will eventually become a mainstream type of heating system for homes, competing with the likes of gas and oil-fired furnaces. Here are some advanced features to look for in them: